Ven. Sheng-Yen’s Exposition and Integration of the Concepts of Śūnyatā and Buddhatā
|作者:||林建德||關鍵字:||佛性;空性;太虛;印順;牟宗三;聖嚴;Buddha-nature;emptiness;Tai Xu;Yin Shun;Mou Zong San;Sheng Yen||公開日期:||十二月-2017||出版社:||法鼓文理學院||期刊:||法鼓佛學學報||期:||21||頁數:||131-180||摘要:||聖嚴法師晚年曾清楚定位自己為「一個帶動思想的人」，認為自己不是學問家、不是學者，但承認自己是一個宗教思想家；法師以思想家自我定位，其對佛教思想的詮釋和理解有哪些特色，成為可關注的點。本文試著從聖嚴法師對「空性」與「佛性」之詮解與融通，進行初步的分析論述。
In his old age, Master Sheng Yen once identified himself as “Buddhist thought leader”. He considered himself not an academic nor a scholar but a religious thinker. Since Master Sheng Yen identified himself as a Buddhist thinker, the unique features of his interpretation and understanding of Buddhism are worth exploring. In this paper I try to analyze and discuss Master Sheng Yen’s exposition and integration of “emptiness” (śūnyatā) and “Buddha-nature” (Buddhatā). The relationship between emptiness and Buddha-nature has been discussed extensively in the ancient Indian, Chinese, and Tibetan history of Buddhist thought, and there have been some reflections, and even debates, in modern academic circles. Here I focus on the views of Master Sheng Yen to see how he responds to this issue. In the beginning I introduce three positions in modern Chinese circle: firstly I take Master Tai Xu as an example to illustrate the viewpoint that the teaching on Buddha-nature is superior to the teaching on emptiness; secondly I take Master Yin Shun to illustrate the view that the teaching on emptiness is superior to the teaching on Buddha-nature; thirdly I introduce Mou Zong San’s viewpoint to present the view that the teachings on Buddha-nature and emptiness are distinct but complementary. Compared to the aforementioned views, Master Sheng Yen obviously has a different understanding. He suggests that Buddha-nature and emptiness are simply different ways of expressing the same idea. Comparing the differences and similarities of his views with these contemporary thinkers, I wish to introduce Master Sheng Yen’s syncretic interpretation of emptiness and Buddha-nature to the Buddhist academic circle. I further analyze and comment on his viewpoints on Buddhist scriptures and arguments, not only illustrating the standpoints of a contemporary advocate of Chinese Buddhism, but also representing his unique form of syncretic thought.
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