A Study of “Daśacakra Kṣitigarbha Sūtra”
|Authors:||釋融音||Keywords:||《十輪經》;地藏信仰;三階教;五取蘊;靜慮;Daśacakra Kṣitigarbha Sūtra;Kṣitigarbha’s Belief;San-jie-jiao;five aggregates;dhyana||Issue Date:||Jul-2020||Abstract:||《十輪經》者，則此土末法之教。五濁惡世無佛世界，眾生沉醉於五欲十惡，以是定慧福德淺薄。為令此土正法久住世故，為摧滅眾生堅固煩惱故，是以地藏大士誓學世尊，於此穢土成熟有情。當今SARS、2019冠状病毒橫行，諸多現象對應是經，復於當來世界刀兵、疫病、飢饉現起，害諸有情。地藏大士隨所在處，隨其所應，安置各類修行方法，悉令解脫眾生憂苦，足見是經值得大眾深入研究。
Shilun jing, the Buddhist teaching for this land at the age of the end of the Dharma. In this period which maliciousness predominates, in this land where the Buddha has passed, sentient beings engross in the five sensual desires and the ten wrong actions due to their shallow training in meditation and wisdom, and their sheer meritorious virtues. For the long abiding of the true Dharma and the overcoming of sentient beings’ afflictions, the Noble Kṣitigarbha has vowed to follow the World-Honored One in benefiting all beings of this defiled land. Nowadays SARS and the COVID-19 are on the rampage, tomorrow’s war, pandemic, famine and numerous situations that lead to much suffering are also detailed. The Noble Kṣitigarbha knows each and every practice for the removal of suffering, this text is, therefore, worth studying in depth. In the second year of Yonghui (651 CE) during the reign of Emperor Gaozong of Tang Dynasty, the Dharma master Xuanzang translated this text, the Dasheng daji dizang shilun jing (in short, the Shilun jing). The organizational structure of the text is first identified and its descriptions in historical catalogues are reviewed. The Kṣitigarbha belief was said to be resulted from a transformation of the Earth Deity worshipping to a Mahayana teaching. I argue that the Earth Deity is a Buddhist Dharma-guardian. Not only has the Noble Kṣitigarbha well-perceived the Tathagartha’s cognition, the bodhisattva also works for the benefit of sentient beings. Therefore, the Earth Deity is not the Noble Kṣitigarbha. Additionally, the Shilun jing is one of the texts which the Sanjie jiao founded on and it has been most quoted. Shilun jing is a practice text. The Noble Kṣitigarbha received and uphold an extensive mantra (Juzu shuihuo jixiang guangming daji mingzhou zongchi zhangju) from the World-Honored One. This mantra increases virtues and worldly possessions, sharpens wisdom, destroys afflictions, and prevails the Holy Teachings for the benefits of sentient beings in the three worlds. The Noble Kṣitigarbha abides in the Śūraṁgamasamādhi. Every morning whenever the state is entered, the bodhisattva fulfills the wishes of all beings in all lands in the teachings given in the deep concentration. By invoking the name of the noble Kṣitigarbha single-heartedly, and by reciting the mantra, taking refuge in and making offering to the bodhisattva, one enters the path leading to the higher rebirth and the path of Nirvāṇa.
|Appears in Collections:||佛教學系|
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